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List of insect pests of sugarcane production

Insect and mite pests. Borers. Early shoot borer: Chilo infuscatellus Snellen (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) Pink borer: Sesamia inferens Walker (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) Top shoot borer: Scirpophaga excerptalis Walker (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) Root borer: Emmalocera depressella (Swinhoe) (Lepidoptera: Crambidae). Scale Insect (Melanaspis Glomerata) Pyrilla is the most destructive foliage-sucking pest of sugarcane. Heavy rainfall followed by % humidity, intermittent drought periods, Adults and the nymps suck leaf sap from the under surface of the lower leaves. The loss in cane yield due to pyrilla. Sugarcane is a long duration crop of months and therefore is liable to be attacked by a number of insect pests. According to an estimate, sugarcane production declines by % by insect pests.

List of insect pests of sugarcane production

[The list of major (that cause economic damage to this crop) insects pests of sugarcane are given below, 1. Top borer of sugarcane The scientific name of top borer of sugarcane is Scirpophaga novella (Fabricius) with family Pyralidae and belonging to order Lepideoptera. Egg: Scale – like oval, flat, shiny and waxy white eggs are laid by female moths in batches of , near the midribs, on leaf sheaths or on stem. Larva: White larva with four violet longitudinal stripes and light brown head. Pupa: Pupation takes place in semi – dried sheath. Pupal period 7 - 10 days. Scale Insect (Melanaspis Glomerata) Pyrilla is the most destructive foliage-sucking pest of sugarcane. Heavy rainfall followed by % humidity, intermittent drought periods, Adults and the nymps suck leaf sap from the under surface of the lower leaves. The loss in cane yield due to pyrilla. Sugarcane is a long duration crop of months and therefore is liable to be attacked by a number of insect pests. According to an estimate, sugarcane production declines by % by insect pests. vulnerable to insect pests and diseases, some estimates suggest that % and % is the actual decline in production due to pests and diseases respectively. Table 3: Losses in sugarcane production due to different insects and pests in India Name of Pest % . Miscellaneous Insect Pests of Florida Sugarcane 2. for mites if they suspect an infestation; a substantial amount of mite damage does not necessarily mean mites are still present. Sugarcane Rust Mite. The sugarcane rust mite, Abacarus sacchari (Actinedida: Eriophyidae), was discovered feeding on sugarcane in Canal Point, Florida in September Insect and mite pests. Borers. Early shoot borer: Chilo infuscatellus Snellen (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) Pink borer: Sesamia inferens Walker (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) Top shoot borer: Scirpophaga excerptalis Walker (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) Root borer: Emmalocera depressella (Swinhoe) (Lepidoptera: Crambidae). | Chemical control of insect pests of sugarcane has given non-significant results and has added higher costs to production. Natural enemies particularly insect parasitoids are important components of control strategies used against borers in most industries of sugar world (Padmanabhan et al., ). In nature a female insect attracts a male insect of their own species by secreting a chemical called pheromone. The male moths at a distance of even a kilometer will perceive the odour and reach the female. Pheromones produced by some borers have been identified by .] List of insect pests of sugarcane production The list of major (that cause economic damage to this crop) insects pests of sugarcane are given below, 1. Top borer of sugarcane The scientific name of top borer of sugarcane is Scirpophaga novella (Fabricius) with family Pyralidae and belonging to order Lepideoptera. Sugarcane is an important cash crop grown in India. Sugarcane is infested by species of insect and non insect pests. Out of them, 19 are major pests of sugar cane in India. The lecture is divided into several sections including US sugarcane production, a brief list of the insect pests present in the sugarcane agroecosystem, and examples of chemical control, biological control, plant resistance, and cultural control strategies practiced by the sugarcane industry against stemborers. US Sugarcane Production. Figure 2. Home / Agriculture / Crop Production / Integrated Pest Managment / IPM for commercial crops / IPM Strategies for Sugarcane / Sugarcane: Insect and Mite Pests Management Share Views. vulnerable to insect pests and diseases, some estimates suggest that % and % is the actual decline in production due to pests and diseases respectively. Table 3: Losses in sugarcane production due to different insects and pests in India Name of Pest % reduction in cane yield % reduction in sugar recovery. Chemical control of insect pests of sugarcane has given non-significant results and has added higher costs to production. Natural enemies particularly insect parasitoids are important components of control strategies used against borers in most industries of sugar world (Padmanabhan et al., ). Sugarcane is a long duration crop of months and therefore is liable to be attacked by a number of insect pests. According to an estimate, sugarcane production declines by % by insect pests. Sugarcane Breeding Institute is the sugarcane research and development institute located in Coimbatore, India. It is Government of India enterprise. sugarcane varieties resistant or tolerant to insect feeding, the implementation of appropriate cultural practices, the release or conservation of biological control agents, and the judicious use of insecticides. This document addresses the management of five major insect pests of sugarcane produced in southern Florida. Box HE () List of sugar-cane insects – a synonymic catalogue of the sugar-cane insects and mites of the world, and of their insect parasites and predators, arranged systematically. Commonwealth Institute of Entomology, London, UK, pp Google Scholar. Pest density and yield response studies involve these insects and landscape host plant perspectives including greenhouse biomass experiments enhancing bioenergy and conventional cropping system nn8802.com management of sugarcane insects involves a multidisciplinary and environmentally sound holistic system which is multi-tactical. According to an estimate, sugarcane production declines by % by insect pests. Sugarcane is infested by about more than insects of which nearly one dozen causes heavy losses to the quality. Sugarcane: Insect and Mite Pests Management. Sugarcane: Diseases and Symptoms. Nutritional Deficiencies/Disorders of Sugarcane. Sugarcane: Crop Stage-wise IPM. IPM Strategies for Tobacco. IPM strategies for Betel vine. IPM strategies for Coffee. IPM strategies for Walnut. IPM strategies for Arecanut. IPM strategies for Tea. IPM for spice crops. Global production of sugarcane in was billion tonnes, with Brazil producing 41% of the world total and India 18% (table). The average worldwide yield of sugarcane crops in was tonnes per hectare, led by Peru with tonnes per hectare and Zambia with production. A variety of insects, plant pathogens and weeds are pests in southern sweetpotato production systems, reducing both yields and quality. In , the Department of Horticultural Science at North Carolina State University (NCSU) initiated a series of workshops to develop a strategic Integrated Pest Management research and. AESA based IPM – Sugarcane 1 AESA BASED IPM PACKAGE FOR SUGARCANE Sugarcane plant description: Sugarcane, Saccharum offi cinarum L., is a perennial grass in the family Poaceae grown for its stem (cane) which is primarily used to produce sucrose. Sugarcane has a thick, tillering stem which is clearly divided into nodes and internodes. books cited below, and there are also ‘Rarely seen pests’, ‘Exotics’ and ‘Beneficials’ sections. These groupings are somewhat arbitrary and some species may cause more than one type of damage. The order of presentation of species follows that in Pests of Australian Sugarcane (; PG Allsopp, KJ Chandler, Pr Samson. Introduction. Sugarcane, a complex hybrid of Saccharum spp., is a perennial grass most often grown in the United States for the production of sugar and molasses; however, the sugars extracted from sugarcane can be easily fermented to produce ethanol that is known as first-generation ethanol. caused by insect pests and the mean price paid to the producer per kilogram or liter of each product. Economic losses per unit area (US$/ha) (Table 1) were estimated by dividing the economic losses caused by insect pests obtained for each crop by planted area. The mean percentage of losses in production for all crops was obtained. Sugarcane is primarily used for the production of cane sugar (sucrose). One of the biproducts of sugarcane production is bioethanol which can be used as a fuel in place of gasoline. The dried fibre which is left over after the extraction of the sugarcane juice is called bagasse and is used in paper and textile production, as a fuel or as an.

LIST OF INSECT PESTS OF SUGARCANE PRODUCTION

Morphology and Life Cycle of Sugarcane Leaf Hopper
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